Wednesday, April 15, 2015

Cleanly Install NVM, NODE and NPM

Today, while I was installing a debugger for Node the install failed.

That made me take a long look at how I installed node, npm and nvm.

Here's what I decided:

Node comes with it's own package manager. It's called npm.

Brew is an awesome package manager for software you install on a mac, but should not be used to install node.

I had a bunch of cruft left over from previous installs of node, npm and nvm; Some of which was getting in the way of cleanly installing node, npm and nvm.

So, I wrote a bash script that does the following:
  • Remove previous installation cruft
  • Use brew to install nvm
  • Use nvm to install node (with also installs npm)

Here it is:

install-nvm-npm-node


# filename:  install-nvm-npm-node
# author:    Lex Sheehan
# purpose:   To cleanly install NVM, NODE and NPM
# dependencies:  brew

NOW=$(date +%x\ %H:%M:%S)
CR=$'\n'
REV=$(tput rev)
OFF=$(tput sgr0)
BACKUP_DIR=$HOME/backups/nvm-npm-bower-caches/$NOW
MY_NAME=$(basename $0)
NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL=$1
if [ "$NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL" == "" ]; then
    NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL=v0.12.2
fi
if [ "`echo "$NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL" | cut -c1-1`" != "v" ]; then
    echo """$CR""Usage:   $ $MY_NAME "
    echo "Example: $ $MY_NAME v0.12.1"
    echo "Example: $ $MY_NAME $CR"
    exit 1
fi
echo """$CR""First, run:  $ brew update"
echo "Likely, you'll need to do what it suggests."
echo "Likely, you'll need to run: $ brew update$CR"
echo "To install latest node version, run the following command to get the latest version:  $ nvm ls-remote"
echo "... and pass the version number you want as the only param to $MY_NAME. $CR"
echo "Are you ready to install the latest version of nvm and npm and node version $NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL ?$CR"
echo "Press CTL+C to exit --or-- Enter to continue..."
read x

echo """$REV""Uninstalling nvm...$CR$OFF"
# Making backups, but in all likelyhood you'll just reinstall them (and won't need these backups)
if [ ! -d "$BACKUP_DIR" ]; then 
    echo "Creating directory to store $HOME/.nvm .npm and .bower cache backups: $BACKUP_DIR"
    mkdir -p $BACKUP_DIR
fi 
set -x
mv $HOME/.nvm   $BACKUP_DIR  2>/dev/null
mv $HOME/.npm   $BACKUP_DIR  2>/dev/null
mv $HOME/.bower $BACKUP_DIR  2>/dev/null
{ set +x; } &>/dev/null

echo "$REV""$CR""Uninstalling node...$CR$OFF"
echo "Enter your password to remove user some node-related /usr/local directories"
set -x
sudo rm -rf /usr/local/lib/node_modules
rm -rf /usr/local/lib/node
rm -rf /usr/local/include/node
rm -rf /usr/local/include/node_modules
rm /usr/local/bin/npm
rm /usr/local/lib/dtrace/node.d
rm -rf $HOME/.node
rm -rf $HOME/.node-gyp
rm /opt/local/bin/node
rm /opt/local/include/node
rm -rf /opt/local/lib/node_modules
rm -rf /usr/local/Cellar/nvm
brew uninstall node 2>/dev/null
{ set +x; } &>/dev/null

echo "$REV""$CR""Installing nvm...$CR$OFF"

echo "++brew install nvm"
brew install nvm 
echo '$(brew --prefix nvm)/nvm.sh'
source $(brew --prefix nvm)/nvm.sh

echo "$REV""$CR""Insert the following line in your startup script (ex: $HOME/.bashrc):$CR$OFF"
echo "export NVM_DIR=\"\$(brew --prefix nvm)\"; [ -s \"\$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh\" ] && . \"\$NVM_DIR/nvm.sh\"$CR"
NVM_DIR="$(brew --prefix nvm)"

echo """$CR""Using nvm install node...$CR"
echo "++ nvm install $NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL"
nvm install $NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL
NODE_BINARY_PATH="`find /usr/local/Cellar/nvm -name node -type d|head -n 1`/$NODE_VER_TO_INSTALL/bin"
echo "$REV""$CR""Insert the following line in your startup script (ex: $HOME/.bashrc) and then restart your shell:$CR$OFF"
echo "export PATH=\$PATH:$NODE_BINARY_PATH:$HOME/.node/bin"

echo """$CR""Upgrading npm...$CR"
echo '++ install -g npm@latest'
npm install -g npm@latest
{ set +x; } &>/dev/null
echo "$REV""$CR""Insert following line in your $HOME/.npmrc file:$OFF"
echo """$CR""prefix=$HOME/.node$CR"
echo "Now, all is likley well if you can run the following without errors:  npm install -g grunt-cli$CR"
echo "Other recommended global installs: bower, gulp, yo, node-inspector$CR"


References

https://www.npmjs.com/
https://nodejs.org/
https://github.com/creationix/nvm
Gist for install-nvm-npm-node (that I might update)


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This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.

3 comments:

  1. You do have to have at least one version of node and npm to get started, but after that you can install nvm with npm.npm3 does not install dependencies in a deterministic way, but this has no implications for your application.

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  2. I entered this script into my terminal and my passwords no longer work on my computer i cant change them or anything. I have lost all security basically. What is this bash script really.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Mr. Unknown, Sorry to hear you are experiencing security related issues. However, you must have other issues going on with your computer. This script should not affect any passwords in any way. The script removes files installed by prior node, nvm, npm and bower installations and cleanly installs node, nvm, npm. If you want to see the exact commands executed as they run just type "set -x" in your terminal prior to running this script.

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